DRC has been active in Jordan since 2003 where it first responded to the Iraqi refugee crisis. DRC is engaged in a multi-sectorial response to the Syrian crisis in Jordan since 2013, providing emergency assistance, protection services, and livelihood support to displacement-affected communities in Amman, Karak, Tafileh, Ma’an, Madaba, Irbid, and Mafraq governorates as well as in the Azraq refugee camp.
As of July 2019, there are 660,260 registered Syrian refugees in Jordan. In addition, Jordan hosts approximately 90,755 other persons of concern including individuals from Iraq, Yemen, Sudan, Somalia, and other countries of origin. This means that Jordan hosts 89 refugees per 1,000 inhabitants, the second highest number in the world, putting considerable strain on domestic services and local economies.
Eight years after the beginning of the Syrian crisis, the majority of Syrian refugees remain in a situation of protracted displacement. 80 per cent of Syrian refugees in Jordan live in urban areas – particularly in Mafraq, Irbid, and Amman governorates – while the remaining are split between Za’atari refugee camp, Azraq refugee camp, and Emirati refugee camp. Over 80 per cent live below the poverty line while 51 per cent of refugees are children, and 4 per cent are elderly.
DRC Jordan’s response
DRC’s programming in Jordan is focused on two sectors, protection and economic recovery with activities implemented in response to an emergency situation or towards finding solutions to displacement.
DRC’s one refugee approach focuses on ensuring that all services are provided to individuals and families of need regardless of their nationalities. Through its community centres and outreach activities, DRC teams focus on providing access to basic services, and livelihood opportunities as well as strengthening protection and self-reliance of vulnerable households and communities in seven governorates across the Kingdom.
DRC Jordan‘s interventions
DRC’s Economic Recovery unit’s overall aim in Jordan is to build the self-reliance of displacement affected populations by effectively participating in local economies, using market-based approaches and promoting dignified work in partnership with the private sector.
Additionally and in preparation for durable solutions, DRC emphasises the necessary link between skills development and self-reliance in its activities by ensuring all beneficiary trainees are provided with income-generating opportunities upon successful completion of an advanced skills development course.
DRC’s Protection unit currently works to strengthen the protective environment in local communities, by empowering beneficiaries from refugee and host communities to protect themselves and others, and to claim their rights. Standalone protection activities include needs/capacity assessments, community based protection, protection information provision, awareness sessions, protection monitoring, psychosocial support, referrals and cash assistance where appropriate. To ensure reaching the most vulnerable populations, DRC continuously develops their network with other international non-governmental organisations (INGOs), UN agencies, Community Based Organisations (CBOs) and other service providers in Jordan, including through MoUs aimed at referrals where relevant.
2019 Strategic focus
By maintaining a leadership role in the humanitarian community and in developing protection focused and locally-driven programming, DRC will remain a partner and advocate of choice in Jordan. Through interventions in camp and host community settings and working both directly and through local institutions, DRC Jordan aims to ensure that its beneficiaries are active participants in programming in their own communities and not passive recipients of aid.
Finally, in developing and deepening its strategic partnerships with private sector actors, government ministries and strong local civil society actors, DRC aims to progressively link its gap-filling assistance with longer term recovery and economic development initiatives that will serve the resilience objectives of Jordan and its displaced populations.
DRC Jordan programming is made possible thanks to the generous support from:
- The Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (BPRM)
- The Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA)
- Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
- Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
- Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
- The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
- The king Frederik VII Foundation
- The Danish-Arab Partnership Programme