In 2018, after two years of consultations and negotiations, a large majority of states adopted both the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) and the Global Compact on Refugees (GCR). As of early 2020, the world is facing another crisis, the global COVID-19 pandemic. Both the pandemic itself as well as the measures to contain the virus will have a strong impact on refugees and migrants all over the world. Many refugees and migrants live in congested urban spaces as well as refugee camps, face increasing restrictions on movement, border closures and may face difficulties accessing healthcare or being part of the response in foreign countries. The outbreak, spread and containment of a global pandemic by nature is in many ways related to, and impacts, global population movements and requires global coordination.
The two Global Compacts are meant to better manage global population movement and improve global coordination on migration and refugees. To what extent then do the Compacts now serve as global tools to deal with the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on refugees and migration and provide guidance for international cooperation, response and policy making? To what extent are the Compacts fit for purpose and meet the test in this pivotal year? And what will be the impact of this crisis on (future implementation of) the two Compacts themselves?
These were among the questions being discussed at a webinar on 14 October 2020 co-organised by MMC and DRC.
Find the recording of the event here and the two studies below.