Here you can find an overview of the authorities and organizations that an asylum seeker will typically will be in touch with during the asylum process.
What is the role of the authorities?
In order to seek asylum in Denmark, an applicant must first contact the Danish immigration authorities. The asylum case will be registered with the Danish Immigration Service, which will make an initial decision. If the Danish Immigration Service refuses a residence permit as a refugee, the asylum case is automatically referred to the Refugee Appeals Board, which is the highest authority for asylum cases.
What is the role of the Ministry of Immigration and Integration?
The Ministry of Immigration and Integration has the overall responsibility for matters relating to asylum, humanitarian residence permits and family reunification.
What is the role of the Danish Immigration Service?
The Danish Immigration Service is an authority under the Ministry of Immigration and Integration. The Danish Immigration Service makes decisions in the first instance in many matters relating to the Danish Aliens Act, for example in cases regarding asylum, family reunification or other forms of residence permit.
The Refugee Appeals Board is a court-like, independent administrative authority that acts as an appeal body in asylum cases. If the Danish Immigration Service initially refuses to grant an applicant a residence permit as a refugee, the case is automatically referred to the Refugee Appeals Board.
What is the role of the Immigration Appeals Board?
The Immigration Appeals Board is an independent, court-like administrative body that acts as an appeal body in aliens' cases. The Immigration Appeals Board does not deal with cases involving asylum, but instead with complaints concerning decisions on family reunification, permanent residence permits, and administrative deportation / rejection, etc.
The Danish Return Agency is an authority under the Ministry of Immigration and Integration. If an applicant is given a final refusal of asylum, the case is transferred to the Danish Return Agency, which is responsible for ensuring that rejected asylum seekers leave Denmark and return to their home country.
If an applicant who has been given a final refusal does not want to leave Denmark voluntarily, the police will be responsible for arranging the return journey. The Danish Return Agency only deals with voluntary departures.
DRC Danish Refugee Council is a private, humanitarian organization that works independently of the Danish authorities. DRC Danish Refugee Council's activities seek to protect people who have had to flee from their homes, and to promote long-term solutions for them – both in Denmark and internationally.
The Danish Red Cross is part of the international Red Cross collaboration, which assists people in need all over the world. The Danish Red Cross runs the asylum centers in Denmark along the same lines as the municipalities. The centers are spread all over Denmark, and asylum seekers are usually accommodated at the centers while their case is being processed.
What is the role of the municipalities?
The municipalities are responsible for helping refugees who have been granted a residence permit in Denmark to start their new lives and to help integrate them into the Danish society. The municipalities organize introductory programs and are responsible for allocating accommodation to refugees when they are transferred to the municipality.