How do you assess the risk of abuse and persecution?

In deciding a case, the immigration authorities will in both the first instance (the Danish Immigration Service) and the second instance (the Refugee Appeals Board) assess whether the applicant is entitled to a residence permit as a refugee according to Article 7 of the Danish Aliens Act. Article 7 of the Danish Aliens Act is based on international conventions, such as the UN Convention on Refugees and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.

The authorities will compare an applicant’s explanation of their reasons for seeking asylum with the general background information they have about the relevant home country. The authorities will also assess whether the asylum seeker's explanation is credible. 

Based on the available general background information about the home country, and the applicant’s explanation of their need for asylum, the authorities will try to evaluate what would happen if the applicant was returned to their home country. 

The decisive factor in obtaining a residence permit as a refugee is whether the authorities decide that there is a real risk of persecution or other serious abuse in the home country, inflicted by the authorities, or by groups against which the authorities either cannot or will not provide protection.