Who is persecuting the asylum seeker?

Persecution that may give the right to a residence permit as a refugee can be committed by both the authorities and by private individuals in the home country.

In very special cases, applicants can also obtain a residence permit as a refugee if the situation in the home country is characterized by completely arbitrary violence and general abuses against civiliansThe situation in general must be deemed so serious that on return any applicant will risk death or seriously injured simply because they are present 

In cases where it is private individuals who are responsible for the persecution, the Danish authorities will assess whether the authorities in the home country should be able to provide protection. If the authorities in the home country are not able to provide protection against persecution, or if they lack the will to do so, this may be a basis for obtaining a residence permit as a refugee.