Myanmar

Scanpix / Cathal McNaughton

Country Facts

DRC present since

2009

DRC staff

400

People in need (Source: Humanitarian Response Plan 2021)

1,000,000

Displacement Situation

A patchwork of ethnic and internal conflicts has plagued Myanmar since the country’s independence in 1948, leaving many regions in the grip of protracted and interlinked crises considered to be the world’s longest active civil war. The cronic state of conflict causes both short and long-term displacement, as well as systemic rights violations – compounded by monsoon flooding and storms regularly leading to disasters.

As of 2021, more than 336,000 people in Myanmar are internally displaced. The majority are in situations of protracted displacement in Rakhine, Kachin, Kayin and Shan states (OCHA, HNO 2021) due to continued intense fighting between ethnic armed groups, militias and the Myanmar military. Most IDPs in Kachin and Shan remain in the camps since 2011.

Humanitarian needs in Myanmar continue to be characterised by a complex of vulnerability to food insecurity, armed conflict, inter-communal tensions, ethnic discrimination, effects of climate change, natural disasters, displacement, and restrictions on freedom of movement. Underlying and deeply rooted causes include entrenched ethnic discrimination and systemic rights violations, widespread unemployment and struggles for resources, as well as weak governance and rule of law.

The pursuit of durable solutions requires comprehensive investment and participatory political processes within Myanmar and across the border in Bangladesh where more than one million Rohingya from Myanmar are hosted as refugees. The majority of these refugees fled campaigns in 2017 by the Myanmar military which has later been qualified by the UN as of genocidal intent. Rohingya remaining in Rakhine continue to face severe deprivation of their rights and confinement into congested camps. In 2019, the escalation of conflict between the Arakan Army and Myanmar military and continuous intense levels of conflicts into 2020 led to high levels of displacement.

DRC Response

DRC’s work is anchored in a solid operation and presence that offers support across communities in both urban, rural and isolated communities in Myanmar’s Rakhine, Kachin and northern Shan states.

Focus is on responding to the immediate needs of vulnerable internally displaced and the communities hosting them, as well as building their resilience to shocks and stresses in the longer term. Over the course of 2020 alone, DRC and local partners reached over 125,000 displacement-affected men, women and children impacted by Covid-19 through humanitarian assistance and a variety of life-saving interventions. The pandemic has exacerbated and severed humanitarian needs for assistance in 2021 with over one million persons identified as in need of urgent assistance (OCHA, HRP 2021). This figure is rapidly increasing due to the economic impact of military seizure of power and subsequent unrest since February 2021.

DRC in Myanmar supports conflict- and displacement-affected communities through sectoral interventions:

  • Protection
  • Economic Recovery
  • Shelter and Settlements
  • Camp Coordination and Camp Management
  • Humanitarian Disarmament & Peacebuilding
  • Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

Funding

DRC is grateful to all donors for generous support and continued commitment to our work in Myanmar:
Danida · DFAT · ECHO · EU DEVCO · GIZ · MHF ·  SDC · SIDA · UNFPA · UNHCR · UNICEF · USAID-BHA

Contact

Picture Mikkel

Mikkel Trolle

Regional Director (Asia)

+45 33735019 [email protected]

Martin Vane

Country Director

[email protected]

Downloads

2020 Rohingya Conference (22 OCT 2020)

Features

Myanmar lockdown: Aid trapped in the middle

Myanmar lockdown: Aid trapped in the middle

While the number of Covid-19 cases are on the rise and medical capacity often fail to respond, humanitarian needs are soaring. Aid is there, but delivery is stuck. A nationwide curfew keeps all at home and prevents DRC and fellow NGOs from reaching desperate people waiting for help.

Read more

Snapshots

New displacement during COVID-19

Despite calls for a global ceasefire amidst the COVID-19 pandemic to alleviate suffering and economic and social hardships, conflicts in Myanmar’s Northern Shan and Rakhine States have escalated since March. Thousands of civilians continue to displace and re-displace in search of safe havens, food, water and medication. Many rural communities and small villages are isolated and far from international aid and protection. DRC is working on the ground, including with local partners, to strengthen our response and find new ways to reach people in need and to alleviate the suffering in conflict-affected areas of Myanmar. We continue to see new needs for emergency aid and work to provide means and support to help people recover and cope with crisis. Today, 10 December 2020, on this year's International Human Rights Day, DRC Myanmar salutes all partners, donors and other actors who help us help people in need in Myanmar.

New displacement during COVID-19

Despite calls for a global ceasefire amidst the COVID-19 pandemic to alleviate suffering and economic and social hardships, conflicts in Myanmar’s Northern Shan and Rakhine States have escalated since March. Thousands of civilians continue to displace and re-displace in search of safe havens, food, water and medication. Many rural communities and small villages are isolated and far from international aid and protection. DRC is working on the ground, including with local partners, to strengthen our response and find new ways to reach people in need and to alleviate the suffering in conflict-affected areas of Myanmar. We continue to see new needs for emergency aid and work to provide means and support to help people recover and cope with crisis. Today, 10 December 2020, on this year's International Human Rights Day, DRC Myanmar salutes all partners, donors and other actors who help us help people in need in Myanmar.

Macadam Road Construction In Pin Lin Pyin Village
ADSP Newsletter Q4 2020

'2020 will be remembered as a year of change and adaptation. The COVID-19 pandemic has forced changes in the way we interact with our fellow human being, across communities, and across borders. Life as we knew it seems gone!' - writes DRC Asia's Regional Director as he welcomes 2021. Read this and more from ADSP in this year's last newsletter: 1) A year of change and adaptation – seasonal greetings from the Danish Refugee Council’s Regional Director, Mikkel Trolle 2) Dreams and Hopes: Access to Education for Afghan Refugee Children Amidst COVID-19 in Balochistan – by ADSP 3) Will the Afghanistan Conference Deliver for Afghan Refugees? - by ADSP Coordinator, Evan Jones 4) Noise pollution: Consequences of living close to an airport on Afghan & Pakistani children’s hearing loss and education performance - by ADSP 5) Surviving Fear and Uncertainty: Rohingya Refugees in Malaysia - by Mixed Migration Researcher at MMC Asia, Hanh Nguyen Link: https://adsp.ngo/publications/newsletters/adsp-newsletter-q4-2020/

ADSP Newsletter Q4 2020

'2020 will be remembered as a year of change and adaptation. The COVID-19 pandemic has forced changes in the way we interact with our fellow human being, across communities, and across borders. Life as we knew it seems gone!' - writes DRC Asia's Regional Director as he welcomes 2021. Read this and more from ADSP in this year's last newsletter: 1) A year of change and adaptation – seasonal greetings from the Danish Refugee Council’s Regional Director, Mikkel Trolle 2) Dreams and Hopes: Access to Education for Afghan Refugee Children Amidst COVID-19 in Balochistan – by ADSP 3) Will the Afghanistan Conference Deliver for Afghan Refugees? - by ADSP Coordinator, Evan Jones 4) Noise pollution: Consequences of living close to an airport on Afghan & Pakistani children’s hearing loss and education performance - by ADSP 5) Surviving Fear and Uncertainty: Rohingya Refugees in Malaysia - by Mixed Migration Researcher at MMC Asia, Hanh Nguyen Link: https://adsp.ngo/publications/newsletters/adsp-newsletter-q4-2020/

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Child Protection in Myanmar

DRC’s Child Protection Team in Myanmar has contributed to the online course developed by The Alliance for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action. DRC’s Child Protection Manager Nicholas Millet discusses the adaptations that our case management team made over the past year in identification and referrals during the COVID-19 pandemic. We hope that this contribution will be used to support the sector in responding to the current context created by the pandemic and future infectious disease outbreaks. The contribution can be found by signing up for the course and selecting Week 4, Module 4.11. Sign up here: https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/protecting-children-during-covid-19

Child Protection in Myanmar

DRC’s Child Protection Team in Myanmar has contributed to the online course developed by The Alliance for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action. DRC’s Child Protection Manager Nicholas Millet discusses the adaptations that our case management team made over the past year in identification and referrals during the COVID-19 pandemic. We hope that this contribution will be used to support the sector in responding to the current context created by the pandemic and future infectious disease outbreaks. The contribution can be found by signing up for the course and selecting Week 4, Module 4.11. Sign up here: https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/protecting-children-during-covid-19

Project: EU PHASE IN