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Somalia is the most drought-affected country in the EAGL region, which led the federal government to declare a state of emergency on 23 November 2021. The cumulative effects of three failed rainy seasons have decreased the purchasing power and access to food of 3.2 million people and caused the internal displacement of 245,000 people.
Drought and other extreme weather patterns associated with climate change are also drivers of conflict over resources and exacerbates clan divisions. The impact of such conflicts, combined with heightened political tensions due to the delayed electoral process and the continued offensive against Al-Shabaab, means that conflict and insecurity remain the main drivers of displacement in Somalia. A total of 544,000 new displacements associated with conflict were recorded in 2021.
Almost 3 million people are internally displaced, often migrating to urban areas where they are vulnerable to forced evictions. While they had slowed down in 2020 due to the introduction of a moratorium by some local authorities at the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic, forced evictions spiked again in 2021 and are both a cause and a multiplier of the internal displacement crisis, with dramatic consequences on protection.
DRC’s key areas of response include protection, food security and livelihoods, resilience, durable solutions, WASH, shelter, NFIs, camp coordination and camp management (CCCM), mixed migration and humanitarian disarmament and peacebuilding.;