DRC present since:
Staff on location:
Djibouti is a small but strategically important seaport country in the Horn of Africa with approximately one million people, and sits at the crossroads of one of the most transited, and increasingly dangerous, migration routes in the world.
According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), more than 100,000 people - mainly Ethiopians and Somalis - migrate to or through Djibouti every year. Migration trends in and out of Djibouti can be monitored and used to predict developing humanitarian crises along what is known as the ‘Eastern Migration Route’.
Besides being a migration transit point, Djibouti hosts approximately 26,300 refugees from Somalia, Yemen, Eritrea and Ethiopia, of which 21,100 live outside of refugee camps.
Refugees in Djibouti are also particularly at risk from natural disasters, and in the last quarter of 2019, heavy rainfall – up to two years’ worth in a single day – caused flash flooding, significantly damaging both urban centres and refugee camps and affecting up to 250,000 people.
DRC has been active in Djibouti since April 2015, responding to increasing migration flows in this small East African state. Operational focuses include individual protection, particularly relating to gender-based violence and mixed migration, livelihood programming (innovation and economic development), and as of 2020, the provision of emergency assistance to Covid-affected urban refugees and their host communities through cash distribution, information campaigns, and economic recovery programming.
DRC is also present in all three refugee camps in Djibouti: Ali-Addeh and Holl-Holl in southern Djibouti, which host primarily Somali and Ethiopian refugees, and Markazi camp in the north, hosting Yemeni refugees.