DRC present since:
Staff on location:
The former state of Yugoslavia, which emerged in the aftermath of World War I, was made up of six federal republics: Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Macedonia. Following the death of long-term leader Josip Broz Tito in 1980, the country slipped into crisis; ethnic tensions and nationalist sentiments surged. War eventually broke out in 1991 and lasted until 2001. The conflict is often described as Europe's deadliest since World War II. Thousands of people were forced from their homes, fleeing crimes against humanity including rape and genocide.
The final step in Yugoslavia’s long breakup came in 2006 with the separation of the last two unified countries, Serbia and Montenegro, and Serbia has been an independent republic since then. DRC has been present in what is now Serbia since 1993, working with people displaced by the war. Today, Serbia has become a transit country. Since 2015, it has formed a part of the popular mixed migration route through the Western Balkans. More than 1 million people passed through between spring 2015 and spring 2016. While most people were only in the country for a matter of days or weeks, many have ended up staying much longer, and DRC’s interventions have also adapted to meet the changing needs of this population.
DRC expanded its programming in Serbia and launched new emergency relief operations in response to the dramatic increase in migration flows through the country in 2015. As such, DRC provides a variety of interventions, including emergency shelter provision and Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) programming, both of which are designed to improve conditions in the various transit, reception and asylum centers in the country. DRC is also active in protection, including child protection, health support, cash based assistance, livelihood support, social rehabilitation programming, education, repatriation support, and facilitating access to human rights/legal assistance and psychosocial support.